Don Cao Bunker - Di tich Don Cao
Don Cao is located in Dong Van town, Dong Van District, Ha Giang
province. Don Cao is the name that people here call the high mountain in
Dong Van valley, on the summit a stone camp was built by French to serve
as bunkers or watch-tower. Don Cao bunker can control the entire valley
of Dong Van town.
After the occupation of Ha Giang in 1887, the French continuously built military facilities to rule and depress the resistance against French colonialist of Vietnam people in general and people in Dong Van, Ha Giang in particular. In the 3 years from 1903 to 1905, the French army at Dong Van was repeatedly attacked by uprising troops of the H'Mong leader Sung Mi Chang.
Don Cao was built on rocky peaks with an elevation of about 1200 m above sea level, in around 1925 with the local materials and consists of 2 floors. Lower bunker is large with many niches, the upper bunker has a large yard and break points. Walls built with limestone, 6-10m average height, 80 cm thick, with many fire holes. Along the walls there are corridor of 97 steps built with limestone. Besides below the steep cliffs there is a small building used as a place for dining and pulling heavy items from the foothills up by pulleys.
Don Cao military camp at mountaintop in Dong Van
Dong Van valley below Don Cao bunker
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